The first foreign invasion came from the Romans who crossed the English Channel and landed just to the north of Dover, here -
They probably thought the shingle (pebbled) beach was less of an obstacle that the white cliffs.
This stretch of coast was a target for all sorts of foreign invasions from the Vikings to William the Conqueror. In 1539 Henry VIII started a defence programme of castle building along the south coast, and again in 1544. Two of these were Deal Castle...
|Deal Castle at sunset|
and Walmer Castle.
|Entrance to Walmer Castle|
|Cannon at Walmer Castle pointing out to sea|
But the castle at Dover had been in existence well before either of these. Its site, high on the cliffs overlooking the Channel, means that it has been a place of defensive significance throughout history.
|Entrance to Dover Castle|
It's spectacular enough when approaching from the landward side, the north-west.
|Dover Castle from the sea|
But it's when you are going out to sea and see it stretched along the top of the white cliffs that you realise just how significant the position is. There are tunnels underneath which at one time housed 2000 men. It remained important even until World War II, when the tunnels were used as air raid shelters and then a military command centre. Many of the tunnels are now open to the public. If you enlarge the picture, you can see some of the windows and openings into the cliff face.
This has become rather long, sorry. We've had a lot of foreign invasions!
If you'd like to join in the PhotoHunt, and find other other players, pay a visit to TNchick's site where you can find out more.